Happy Birthday William H. Seward
Happy Birthday William H. Seward
William Henry Seward was born on May 16, 1801 in Florida, New York.
Seward was a bright child that enjoyed school (it was reported that instead of running away from school to go home, he’d run away from home to go to school). He went on to attend Union College, taking time off to teach in Georgia before returning and graduating with high honors in 1820.
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Seward then studied law, passed the bar, and moved to Auburn, New York, where he met newspaper publisher and political boss Thurlow Weed, who would remain a close ally for many years. It was during his time in Auburn that Seward became increasingly interested in politics. With Weed’s support, Seward was elected to the New York State Senate in 1830 with the Anti-Masonic Party. In the coming years he emerged as a leader of the Whig Party, but lost both his senate seat and a run for the governorship in 1834.
With his political prospects gone, Seward followed his family’s wishes and returned to practicing law. He also worked for the Holland Land Company, a group a Dutch investors that bought large tracts of land in western New York.
Seward’s break from politics was brief. In 1838, Weed convinced him to run for governor of New York again, and this time he won. Seward served two terms as governor and focused much of his attention on prison reform and improving education. Seward left the governorship in 1842 in considerable debt and had to return to practicing law once again.
During his break from politics, Seward took on a pair of controversial cases, defending felons accused of murder. Though the cases created an uproar in the local community, they made him famous throughout the North. He earned further praise for launching an appeal in support of an anti-slavery advocate that was sued by a slave owner for assisting escapees on the Underground Railroad.
Seward again returned to politics in 1849 when he was elected to the U.S. Senate. During his tenure, he became leading critic of the Compromise of 1850, which supported the slave trade in the South. Seward emerged as one of the nation’s leading antislavery activists, stating that slavery was immoral and that there was “a higher law than the Constitution.”
Winning re-election in 1855, Seward continued to speak out against slavery. He also ran for president in 1860, but lost to Abraham Lincoln, who in turn appointed him secretary of state. Seward was initially unsure of Lincoln’s political abilities, but he soon found they worked well together, and Seward became one of Lincoln’s most trusted advisors. Though he had once declared that civil war was an “irrepressible conflict,” Seward spent his first few months in office trying to avoid the war.
Once the war began, Seward made it his mission to arrest Confederate sympathizers in the North. He was also extremely concerned with preventing European nations from offering aid to the Confederacy. In late 1861, he helped ease tensions following the Trent Affair, in which the U.S. Navy had seized Confederate envoys aboard a British ship. Just after the war ended, on April 14, 1865, Seward was among the targets of John Wilkes Booth and his conspirators to overthrow the government and mount an insurgency. Though he was stabbed several times, Seward survived the attack.
After recuperating from his attack and a previous carriage accident, Seward continued to serve as secretary of state under Andrew Johnson. Seward worked to reintegrate the South during Reconstruction, though some criticized him for being too lenient. Seward was also interested in expanding America’s territories. Though he failed in the Pacific and Caribbean, he had success much farther north. In 1867, he offered to purchase Alaska from the Russians for $7,200,000, or less than 2-cents and acre. At first, few people considered this a profitable acquisition and called it “Seward’s Folly” and “Seward’s Icebox.” But as furs, copper, and gold began to pour forth out of the “frozen wasteland” (petroleum had not yet entered the picture), Seward began to look less foolish.
Following the inauguration of President Ulysses S. Grant, Seward left office and spent his final years traveling the world. He died on October 10, 1872.
10 responses to "Happy Birthday William H. Seward"
10 thoughts on “Happy Birthday William H. Seward”
Another bit of history that was neglected/overlooked in education in the l960’s…..that Seward was also a target of Booth and his ilk and survived a knife attack. Thanks, Mystic. Another piece of the puzzle now fits.
Recuperating, NOT re-cooperating. A littler better editing is in order.
Thanks, David. This has been corrected.
I’d like to request a catalog and #370, 068, 304, C53 and #1132 stamps to send me as introducing me to get idea for me.
Please mail me at 5140 S Main Ave Apt J-107 Springfield, MO 65810.
I thourghly enjoy my daily history lesson. I feel I have learned more since this program started than I ever did in history classes. Keep the good work.
It is interesting that the early presidents did not become rich from being in the office as opposed to the situation today. Also that the political appointments such as Secretary of State were based on ability vs party affiliation.
all the stampe is fry good to linre abot the haestryio for my i need to lirn more in more i tal the mystic stamp co think all the employee any stampe is good in good think again in agai in again
This series is my favorite American stamps. the private punches for vending machines were hard to find- one has a notch and the other a square perf. They keep climbing in value. I think it’s the great color and design. I knew he had been wounded at Lincoln’s assasination, but, I thought one of Booth’s shots hit him- very surprised he was stabbed- but, by whom?
Thanks Mystic… look foward everyday to learn about my stamps.
Each day, i learn some thing new, about history, American, & other facts. Agreeing with previous comments – 2days & previous days, always learning, unbelievable – still & i’m past 75. Wow.