First Official U.S. Airmail Flight 

U.S. #C3 – America’s first Airmail stamps were issued seven years after Ovington’s flight.
U.S. #C3 – America’s first Airmail stamps were issued seven years after Ovington’s flight.

On September 23, 1911, Earle Ovington made America’s first airmail delivery between Garden City and Mineola, New York.

Born on December 20, 1879, in Chicago, Illinois, Ovington loved to experiment with electricity from a young age. At 16, he went to work for the Edison Electric Illuminating Company. But he soon realized that he’d need a formal education if he wanted to succeed. So he went to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. There, Ovington’s frequent electrical experiments earned him the nickname “Volts.” After graduating, he formed the Ovington Motor Company to bring European motorcycles to the U.S.

U.S. #654 – Ovington’s first job was with Edison’s company.
U.S. #654 – Ovington’s first job was with Edison’s company.

Then in 1910 Ovington saw planes in the air for the first time and was fascinated by the physics. He immediately set out for France to attend flight school. Ovington completed eight flights before earning his pilot’s license in January 1911. He then returned to America with his own Bleriot monoplane sporting his lucky number “13” on the tail. That spring Ovington began flying at aviation meets. He was the first person to fly in Connecticut and over Boston. Spectators said his plane resembled a dragonfly so he had the word painted on the underside of the wings.

U.S. #4267 – Ovington’s plane was nicknamed “dragonfly.”
U.S. #4267 – Ovington’s plane was nicknamed “dragonfly.”

That summer, Ovington was among several pilots preparing for the first tournament of the fall season, the International Aviation Meet hosted by the Aero Club of New York. But pilots weren’t the only ones looking forward to the tournament. Postmaster General Frank Hitchcock had long supported the idea of delivering mail by airplane. He’d even made previous attempts at such flights, but they were unsuccessful. With the popular event coming up, he saw his opportunity to make his dream a reality. Working with the event’s planners, he arranged to have airmail deliveries made throughout the tournament, which ran from September 23, to October 1.

Hitchcock contacted a few different pilots before Ovington was given the honor. Some turned it down for lack of pay. One accepted but had mechanical issues the day of the flight. So they found Ovington and asked him. He responded with his own question – if this was to be the first airmail flight in the U.S. And when he was told that it was, he agreed.

U.S. #C7//CE2 – Collection of 130 Airmail stamps with a free album.
U.S. #C7//CE2 – Collection of 130 Airmail stamps with a free album.

Leading up to the tournament, the Post Office Department went through extensive preparations. They handed out fliers informing the public of the historic first flight and set up mailboxes all around the grounds as well as Aeroplane Station No.1, where they’d sort the mail for the flight.

For several hours, the post office officials collected the letters, applied postmarks, and neatly stacked and tied them in bundles. Ovington’s wife dramatically recalled what happened next:

“About three in the afternoon a hush fell over the field. The time for the flight had come. Noiselessly the big crowd watched Ovie’s three French mechanics wheel out his Bleirot monoplane, “The Dragonfly.” A murmur went through the crowd. A small boy broke away from his mother, ran up to Ovie, and asked him for his autograph. Ovie gave it to him. The mechanics made a few last minute adjustments. Governor Woodruff said something to Ovie.

U.S. #374-82 – Many of the covers from Ovington’s flight were Washington-Franklins
U.S. #374-82 – Many of the covers from Ovington’s flight used Washington-Franklins

“Flash bulbs went off, and cameras clicked. The police held the roped crowd back. Now the sun, which a few minutes before had dropped behind one of the white, fleecy clouds, came out again in all of its glory. The stage was set, and Ovie took center of it. Putting on his goggles and his “crash” helmet, he climbed into the cockpit of the plane. Taking a last look at the crowd, he winked at the little boy, and waved goodbye to me.”

Ovington was then handed a mailbag containing 640 letters and 1,280 postcards. With nowhere else to set the bag, he balanced it on his knees during the short flight. Unable to land the plane while holding the mail, he dropped the bag from the plane. The bag burst open when it hit the ground, sending the mail all over the field. The letters were then retrieved and to the Mineola post office. Ovington returned to the tournament within 10 minutes of his initial takeoff. He went on to do this mail delivery for the rest of the event, delivering a total of 43,247 letters.

A stamp collector himself, Ovington created cachets and signed thousands of covers honoring his historic flight. He continued to fly until his death in 1936.

U.S. #1203 – The stamp that replaced the proposed issue to honor Ovington’s flight.
U.S. #1203 – The stamp that replaced the proposed issue to honor Ovington’s flight.

In 1961, the Post Office Department planned to release a stamp marking the 50th anniversary of his historic flight. But when U.N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold died suddenly, they asked Ovington’s widow if she’d mind if the stamp was delayed a year. She agreed, but the stamp was never issued. His children later petitioned for a stamp in his honor, but that never happened either.

Click here to see Ovington photos, covers, and postcards.

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  1. The Ovington flights on Long Island were the first of similar events at Aviation Meets between 1911 and 1916 sponsored by the Postmaster General of the Post Office to publicize air mail, hoping to get funding from Congress for regularly scheduled air mail over longer distances. That finally happened toward the end of World War I, with the first flights on May 15, 1918, between Washington and New York. But on Feb 17-18, 1911, in a plane that he built, Fred Wiseman flew from Petaluma to Santa Rosa, California (14 miles), with a letter from one Postmaster to the other. This is also claimed as the first official airmail flight, accepting a lower level of officialdom in the Post Office as still being the Post Office. Wiseman’s plane is on display at the Smithsonian National Postal Museum in Washington, DC.

  2. If no one picked up on it Dag Hammarskjold was the “UN” Secretary General not the “US’ Secretary General and I am old enough to know.

  3. To make it worse, the Dag Hammarskjold was printed with a big error. The Post Master General then decided to deprive lkucky collectors by issuing large quantities of the error- negating
    any advantage. { Sounds a little like “Follies” of yesteryear].
    thanks Mystic

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