Transportation

1944 3¢ Steamship
June 20, 1819

SS Savannah Crosses the Atlantic

On June 20, 1819, the SS Savannah arrived in Liverpool, England, becoming the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.

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1999 33¢ Celebrate the Century - 1950s: Drive-In Movies
June 6, 1933

First Drive-In Movie Theater

On June 6, 1933, the first drive-in movie theater opened in Camden, New Jersey. The number of drive-ins in the US would eventually grow to over 4,000, becoming a beloved pastime for millions.

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1996 50¢ Jacqueline Cochran
May 11, 1906

Birth of Jacqueline Cochran

Jacqueline Cochran was born Bessie Lee Pittman on May 11, 1906, in Pensacola, Florida.  The first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound, she held more speed, altitude, and distance records than any other pilot, male or female, in the world.

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1944 3¢ Completion of First Transcontinental Railroad
May 10, 1869

Transcontinental Railroad Completed

On May 10, 1869, the Transcontinental Railroad was completed with the driving of the golden spike at Promontory Summit, Utah. Completing the Transcontinental Railroad is widely considered one of the greatest accomplishments of the 19th century!

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1869 2¢ Pony Express Rider Pictorial
April 3, 1860

Inaugural Run of the Pony Express 

On April 3, 1860, the Pony Express made its first trip from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California.  Though short-lived, the Pony Express was a revolution in communication, able to transport important letters across the country more than twice as fast as the existing overland mail system.

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1971 8¢ Missouri Statehood
March 29, 1827

Founding of Independence, Missouri

On March 29, 1867, Independence, Missouri, was founded. Known as the “Queen City of the Trails,” it became the starting point for several trails that carried thousands of settlers to the West.

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1981 20¢ Fire Pumper
March 27, 1841

First U.S. Steam Fire Engine

On March 27, 1841, the first steam-powered fire engine was tested in New York City. Though that first engine was only in use for a short time, it marked the start of a new era in firefighting…

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1987 22¢ Steam Locomotives: Gowan & Marx
February 20, 1840

Impressive Run of the Gowan & Marx

On February 20, 1840, the Gowan & Marx made an impressive run, hauling more than 100 cars weighing 423 tons. It was one of the earliest 4-4-0 locomotives with equalizing levers and became internationally known for hauling a train 40 times its own weight.

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1986 17¢ Transportation Series: Dog Sled 1880s
February 2, 1925

The Great Race of Mercy 

On February 2, 1925, a sled dog team took the Iditarod Trail to deliver a much-needed diphtheria antitoxin to Nome, Alaska, following a deadly outbreak.

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