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Thomas Edison Tests his First Motion Picture

U.S. #945 – One of the world’s most prolific inventors, Edison held 2,332 patents worldwide a record number that wasn’t surpassed until 2003.

Thomas Edison Tests his First Motion Picture

Adding to his impressive list of inventions, Thomas Edison played his first motion picture film on October 6, 1889.

Edison had toyed with the idea of moving pictures for a while. He believed that if a camera took quick, successive images, they could be projected to appear as if they were moving. With George Eastman’s invention of celluloid film, Edison’s idea became a reality.

Item #59730 – Eyewitness to History cover with Edison coin and stamps cancelled on the anniversary of his birth.

Edison described the idea to his assistant, W.K.L. Dickson, in 1888. Though it was Edison’s idea, Dickson largely developed the project, which became known as the kinetophone. He used the European Zoetrope, which used images on glass plates, as the starting point. But he used film instead of glass and hooked it up to Edison’s phonograph. So in addition to showing moving pictures, the device also incorporated sound, creating a multi-sensory experience.

Edison and Dickson first tested this new machine on October 6, 1889 in their laboratory, giving birth to the “talkie” film industry. The men tinkered with the invention for a couple years before Edison received the patent for it in 1891. Edison then held his first commercial motion picture presentation on April 14, 1894 with the launch of his “peephole” Kinetoscope parlor in New York City. With this device, one person at a time looked through a peephole viewer at the top while the film played below.

U.S. #926 honors the 50th anniversary of Edison’s first commercial motion picture display. It pictures troops watching a film during WWII.

Edison and Dickson continued to improve on the idea for several years. And they weren’t the only ones – several other inventors made their own moving picture devices. In fact, Edison got the rights to one built by Thomas Armat and improved on it. The invention, which he called the Vitascope, made the first commercial projection of a motion picture – as we know it today – in April 1896. He added sound to this device and presented it commercially in 1913 as the kinetophone. Though Edison initially believed that the future of motion pictures laid in the individual viewer shows, he quickly learned that large-scale projection, where entire audiences could watch a film together, was truly the way to go.

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13 responses to "Thomas Edison Tests his First Motion Picture"

13 thoughts on “Thomas Edison Tests his First Motion Picture”

  1. I have been collecting stamps since I was eleven years old and now I am sixty five. I love the art, the history, the information that each stamp provides in such a small space. Stamps are a Tiny World Of Information for anyone that loves history.

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  2. I truly enjoy the history lesson. In fact the information about the Pledge of Allegiance, was copied and read at one of our local BSA Council meeting. It went over very well.

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  3. And here I immediately think of the DC light bulb. Ah, but his name lives on with Con-ed. Thanks for the history lesson.

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  4. I am so glad Mr. Edison and Mr. Eastman and their staff members helped invent film, projection and sound for movies. Going to see movies is one of my favorite things to do. Thanks for this history lesson on how it all began.

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