Civil Rights

2002 37¢ Women in Journalism: Ethel L. Payne stamp
August 14, 1911

Birth of Ethel L. Payne

Ethel Lois Payne was born on August 14, 1911, in Chicago, Illinois. Known as the “First Lady of the Black Press,” he was the first black female war correspondent in Vietnam and the first black female commentator on a major radio and television network.

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1968 50¢ Lucy Stone stamp
August 13, 1818

Birth of Lucy Stone

Abolitionist and Suffragist Lucy Stone was born on August 13, 1818, in West Brookfield, Massachusetts. Stone dedicated her life to helping women receive the same rights as men. She was the first woman from her state to earn a college degree and is considered the “heart and soul” of the women’s rights movement.

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2009 Anna Julia Cooper stamp
August 10, 1858

Birth of Anna Julia Cooper

Author and activist Anna Julia Haywood Cooper was born on August 10, 1858, in Raleigh, North Carolina. She fought for education for women and African Americans and is often called the “Mother of Black Feminism.”

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1990 Ida B. Wells stamp
July 16, 1862

Birth of Ida B. Wells 

Ida Bell Wells was born July 16, 1862, in Holly Springs, Mississippi, just before President Abraham Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation.  Wells was an early leader in the Civil Rights and Women’s Suffrage movements, as well as a founder of the NAACP.  

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1985 Mary McLeod Bethune stamp
July 10, 1875

Birth of Mary McLeod Bethune

Educator and activist Mary Jane McLeod Bethune was born on July 10, 1875, in Mayesville, South Carolina. She founded a private school for African Americans and was a member of several African American women’s organizations, sometimes called the “Female Booker T. Washington.”

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2003 Thurgood Marshall stamp
July 2, 1908

Birth of Thurgood Marshall

Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908, in Baltimore, Maryland. He was the first African American Supreme Court Justice and served 24 years on the bench.

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2000 Patricia Roberts Harris stamp
May 31, 1924

Birth of Patricia Roberts Harris

Patricia Roberts Harris was born on May 31, 1924, in Mattoon, Illinois. Harris achieved several firsts in her life. She was the first black woman to serve as an American ambassador, serve in the US Cabinet, be dean of a law school, and sit on the board of directors of a Fortune 500 company.

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1992 Earl Warren stamp
March 19, 1891

Birth of Earl Warren

US Chief Justice Earl Warren was born on March 19, 1891, in Los Angeles, California. He’s considered one of the nation’s most influential Supreme Court justices, with his time on the court referred to as a “Constitutional Revolution.”

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2009 Villard and Bates stamp
March 13, 1872

Birth of Oswald Garrison Villard

Journalist and civil rights activist Oswald Garrison Villard was born on March 13, 1872, in Wiesbaden, Germany. He was an editor of the New York Evening Post and a founding member of the NAACP.

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