Civil Rights

1995 32¢ Black Heritage: Bessie Coleman
January 26, 1892

Birth of Bessie Coleman

Aviator Elizabeth “Bessie” Coleman was born on January 26, 1892, in Atlanta, Texas.  The first female African American aviator, she achieved her dream of becoming a pilot during a time when most African Americans would not have even considered learning to fly.

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1979 15¢ Martin Luther King, Jr.
January 15, 1929

Happy Birthday Martin Luther King Jr.

Civil Rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. A Baptist minister, King sought equality for all Americans and fought for peaceful solutions to racial issues.

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2005 37¢ To Form a More Perfect Union: Montgomery Bus Boycott
November 13, 1956

Supreme Court Rules Bus Segregation Illegal

The Civil Rights Movement took a major step forward on November 13, 1956, when the Supreme Court ruled that the bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, was unconstitutional.

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1998 32¢ Gospel Singers: Mahalia Jackson
October 26, 1911

Birth of Mahalia Jackson

Mahalia (born Mahala) Jackson was born on October 26, 1911, in New Orleans, Louisiana. The best-known gospel singer in the world and one of the most influential vocalists of the 20th century, she received more acclaim than any other gospel singer, and is said to have been the vocal, physical, and spiritual symbol of religious music.

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1997 32¢ Benjamin Oliver Davis, Sr. Black Heritage Series
October 25, 1940

Benjamin Davis Becomes First African American General In The U.S. Army

On October 25, 1940, Benjamin O. Davis Sr. was appointed the first African American general in US Army. He was a driving force behind the desegregation of the Army, which was finally achieved just days after his retirement.

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1973 8¢ Lyndon B. Johnson
August 27, 1908

Birth of President Lyndon B. Johnson

America’s 36th President, Lyndon Baines Johnson, was born on August 27, 1908, in Stonewall, Texas. President Johnson promoted a “Great Society” and signed many initiatives into law aimed at civil rights, public broadcasting, health, education, the arts, and public services.

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1992 29¢ Literary Arts: Dorothy Parker
August 22, 1893,

Happy Birthday Dorothy Parker 

Poet and writer Dorothy Parker (born Dorothy Rothschild) was born on August 22, 1893, in Long Branch, New Jersey.  A founding member of the Algonquin Round Table, she was known for her sharp wit.

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1981 15¢ Black Heritage: Whitney Moore Young
July 31, 1921

Happy Birthday, Whitney Young! 

Civil rights leader Whitney Moore Young, Jr., was born on July 31, 1921, in Shelby County, Kentucky. He served as Executive Director of the National Urban League, helped organize the March on Washington, and advised several presidents.

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1948 3¢ 100 Years of Progress of Women
July 19, 1848

First Women’s Rights Convention in the US

On July 19, 1848, the Women’s Rights Convention, also known as the Seneca Falls Convention, opened in New York. The convention’s attendants issued a declaration calling for equal rights, including the right to vote.

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