World War II

1942 Win the War stamp
July 19, 1941

“V” for Victory Campaign

On July 19, 1941, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill officially established the “V” for Victory campaign. The letter “V” became a rallying cry for people in occupied nations as well as Germans who opposed the Nazis.

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1995 Republic of Palau stamp
July 18, 1947

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

On July 18, 1947, the United Nations established the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) to be administered by the United States. The TTPI was founded to help these small islands recover in the wake of World War II.

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1998 Woody Guthrie stamp
July 14, 1912

Birth of Woody Guthrie

Woodrow Wilson Guthrie was born on July 14, 1912, in Okemah, Oklahoma. He was a major figure in American folk music, writing over 1,000 songs, including his most famous, “This Land is Your Land.”

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1995 Okinawa, the Last Big Battle stamp
June 21, 1945

U.S. Captures Okinawa

On June 21, 1945, US troops captured Okinawa from the Japanese.  It was the last major WWII battle in the Pacific and has been called the “typhoon of steel” for the fierce fighting, intense kamikaze attacks, and large number of Allied ships and vehicles that assaulted the island.

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1984 National Archives stamp
June 19, 1934

The Founding of the National Archives

On June 19, 1934, President Franklin Roosevelt signed legislation creating the National Archives. The archives houses billions of historic documents, photographs, maps, videos, and more.

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1992 V-mail Delivers Letters from Home stamp
June 15, 1942

Start of V-Mail Service

On June 15, 1942, the Post Office Department inaugurated its V-Mail service.  During World War II, letters bound for service personnel were photographed and transferred to microfilm.  This special process enabled letters to take up a fraction of their usual space on planes going to war zones, allowing more room for crucial supplies. 

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1960 Mannerheim stamp
June 4, 1867

Birth of Gustaf Mannerheim

Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim was born on June 4, 1867, in Askainen, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire. A soldier, statesman, Marshal and President of Finland, Mannerheim led his countrymen though multiple wars, and is sometimes called the father of modern Finland.

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1992 Japan Invades Aleutian Islands stamp
June 3, 1942

Aleutian Islands Campaign

One June 3, 1942, Japanese forces kicked of the 14-month Aleutian Islands Campaign. The campaign’s two Japanese invasions were the only ones on US soil during the war.

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1995 US and Soviets link at Elbe River
April 25, 1945

US and Soviet Troops Link-Up at Elbe

On April 25, 1945, American and Soviet troops met at the Elbe River, essentially cutting Germany in half. It was an important link-up in the final days of the war in Europe and has come to be known as Elbe Day.

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