Soviet-Canadian Polar Bridge Expedition
Soviet-Canadian Polar Bridge Expedition
On April 25, 1988, the Soviet-Canadian Polar Bridge Expedition reached the North Pole.
Plans for this expedition began in 1986 when a group of Soviet scientists and radio amateurs decided they wanted to ski to the South Pole from the Antarctic coast. Over time, their idea changed, and a year later, the new plan was for a team of Soviets and Canadians to ski from the Siberian Coast across the Arctic, to the North Pole, and then continue on to Canada.
In the months leading up to the expedition, the skiers went through extensive training and learned each other’s languages. The Soviet-Canadian 1988 Polar Bridge Expedition (also known as Skitrek) was planned to begin on March 1, 1988, but was delayed two days to March 3 because of bad weather. On that day, the temperatures were about -47ºC with some blizzards. They spent much of the expedition in polar night, which ran until May 23. The skiers didn’t use any sleds, dogs, or vehicles to carry their equipment, but did receive six airdrops of fresh supplies from Russian and Canadian planes.
One aspect of the journey that surprised some of the skiers was that there were many leads of open water. These were caused by the Transpolar Drift Stream, which breaks up the ice and allows it to drift away. There would be times where the expedition might rest for several days, but their position would change several kilometers because of this drift.
The general routine the expedition followed included a 10- to 12-hour trek, after which they set up their 12-man tent, switched on their Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT), had a small meal, and spent a few minutes on their shortwave radio. They used these devices to transmit back their location, and if they failed, there was a satellite that would pass overhead every 98 minutes.
Along the trip, school children and radio amateurs around the world followed their daily progress through their radio transmissions. One such message, from April 17, stated, “The weather has warmed from a bone-chilling -48 degrees Celsius to the present balmy -25 degrees. Many of our initial injuries attributable to cold and inexperience are resolving and we are learning to live and work together more efficiently as a traveling group… The upcoming ceremonies at the Pole, which will bring us in direct contact with the outside world for the first time since our departure, present an exciting focus for our attention. This is the largest expedition ever to reach the Pole and the one hundred days required for the complete crossing is a long time to spend on the ice. In every respect, these startling adventures represent the tip of the iceberg.”
The expedition reached the North Pole on April 25, 1988. There, they were met by a group of journalists, dignitaries from the Soviet Union and Canada, and radio operators involved in the mission. They had all been flown in by helicopter. That day there was also a special airdrop of champagne and caviar to celebrate the event. Click here for a photo from that day. After the festivities, the skiers continued on their journey to Canada. They reached Ward Hunt Island, Ellesmere, Northern Canada, on June 1, 1988, marking the end of their successful journey.
Click here to view more photos from the expedition.
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6 responses to "Soviet-Canadian Polar Bridge Expedition"
6 thoughts on “Soviet-Canadian Polar Bridge Expedition”
Interesting piece of history, but the bugs makes it impossible to purchase. This app needs an update.
The -47 degrees centigrade sounds extremely frigid. It sounds like a well planned trip that the people went on. I am so very glad that I wasn’t invited. I had a long appointment with sunny and warm weather.
It sounds like -53 degrees F.
Very interesting. I am not a skier or outdoors man but truly admire such daring. Well done. How long was the total trip? Also, thank you Mystic for these daily articles.
I don’t remember what I was doing on this day in 1988 or June 1,1988 (completion date) but my hat is off to the crew at the top of the world for their accomplishment. While my hat is off I’m going to scratch my head and wonder why I haven’t heard of this before.
I agree. I certainly remember 1988 but had no idea this took place. Thanks Mystic for great information.