First Man on the Moon Stamp

U.S. #C76 was issued on this day in 1969.

On September 9, 1969, the U.S. Post Office issued its first ever jumbo-sized commemorative stamp.

Plans for a commemorative stamp honoring the 1969 moon landing were extremely secretive. Few people were involved in the process and there was virtually no paperwork. And the stamp wasn’t even announced to the public until July 9, 1969, a week before the launch of Apollo 11. As the postmaster general announced that day, “Apollo 11 will mark America’s first mail run to the moon.”

This dramatic statement aroused great public interest in the stamp. As the postmaster general explained, the engraved die for the stamp would be taken to the moon as well as a special “moon letter” with a die proof of the stamp. While on the moon, the astronauts would personally postmark the letter.

U.S. #C76 – Full mint sheet.

Among the few people who knew about the stamp was artist Paul Calle. A member of NASA’s Fine Art Program, Calle had documented several NASA missions and provided the artwork for the 1967 Accomplishments in Space stamps. Calle’s greatest obstacle was that he had to illustrate the moon-landing scene a month before it would happen. To help him create an accurate image, NASA gave him photos of the equipment and invited him to come and view some of it in person. He also got to watch Neil Armstrong practice his exit of the lunar module so he could accurately portray how he placed his foot on the ground.

Many collectors at the time quickly stated that the stamp would violate the federal law that forbids picturing a living person on a stamp. However, the Post Office insisted it was simply a “spaceman.”

U.S. #C76 FDC – Classic First Day Cover with both cancels.

The launch and landing were a success, but Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were too busy with science experiments to postmark the letter while they were on the moon’s surface. Instead, they did it on the return journey. The “Moon letter” and the printing die were later sent on a traveling exhibit across the country and to foreign nations.

The stamp was finally issued on September 9, 1969 at the National Postal Forum’s third annual meeting in Washington, D.C. Armstrong, Aldrin, and Michael Collins were all present for the ceremony. The stamp was America’s largest postage stamp up to that time measuring 1 61/64 inches by 1 15/64 inches, about 50 percent larger than most U.S. commemoratives. The First Day Cover for this stamp was one of the most popular in U.S. history. It included both the First Day of Issue cancel as well as a replica of the Moon Landing cancel.

U.S. #C76 FDC – Fleetwood Plate Block First Day Cover with both cancels.

The Post Office produced over 8.7 million First Day Covers for this issue. By comparison, they only produced 4.4 million covers for the 1993 Elvis Presley stamp, one of the most popular in U.S. history. The first-day processing crew had to be increased from 40 to 100 people and it took five months to cancel all of those covers.

Click here to read more about the moon landing.

Click here to see what else happened on This Day in History.

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