1907 American Red Cross Christmas Seal - Type II - inscribed "Merry Christmas" & "Happy New Year"
US #WX2 was issued on this day in 1907.

On December 7, 1907, the first Christmas Seals went on sale.

In the early 1900s, tuberculosis was a major health concern in many areas of the world. In 1904, Danish postal clerk Einar Holbøll conceived the idea of adding an extra stamp to holiday mail to raise money to help sick children with tuberculosis. The idea was approved and Denmark issued the world’s first Christmas Seal that year, picturing Danish Queen Louise of Hesse-Hassel.

1980 15¢ Emily Bissell
US #1823 was issued on Bissell’s 119th birthday.

Over the next six years, the proceeds from this and more stamps helped to fund the Christmas Seal Sanatorium in Kolding, which opened in 1911. Other nations soon followed suit, with Sweden and Iceland issuing their own Christmas Seals.

1909 American Red Cross Christmas Seal
US #WX5 was issued in 1909.

In America, Emily Bissell was the secretary of the Delaware Red Cross and was an active member of the American Lung Association. Bissell’s cousin, Dr. Joseph Wales, served at a Delaware tuberculosis sanitarium that was in danger of closing due to financial hardship. They needed to raise $300 (nearly $9,000 today) or they would have to close their doors. Bissell had read about Denmark’s Christmas Seals and decided to introduce the idea in the United States.

1911 American Red Cross Christmas Seal - Type I, perf 12
US #WX7 – 1911 Christmas Seal

Bissell designed the first US Christmas Seals and arranged for them to be printed on credit. The 1¢ seals first went on sale at Delaware post offices on December 7, 1907. The seals raised $25 on the first day, but sales quickly slowed down. Bissell then contacted a Philadelphia newspaper, the North American, which began selling the seals in their lobby. They ran daily articles under the heading “Stamp Out Tuberculosis.” Soon, President Theodore Roosevelt learned of the campaign and offered his support, further bringing attention to it. By the end of the year, Christmas Seals had raised $3,000 – 10 times the amount of money needed to save the Sanitarium.

1949 National Tuberculosis Assn. Christmas Seal - perf 12 1/2
US #WX146 – 1949 Christmas Seal benefiting the National Tuberculosis Association

Based on the overwhelming response of that first year’s sales, Christmas Seals were sold on a national level the following year. In 1908, the US printed millions of seals that raised $135,000. These funds were used to provide aid to more sanitariums and to fight tuberculosis.

20 Different Christmas Seals, Stamps May Vary
Item #MUS040 – Get 20 different Christmas Seals for under $15!

The Red Cross continued to oversee the Christmas Seals program until 1920, when the National Tuberculosis Association took over. The NTA transformed Christmas Seals into the largest nonprofit direct mail campaign in the US. As tuberculosis became a more treatable disease, the program evolved, becoming the National Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Association from 1968-1972, and the American Lung Association from 1973 forward. Today, there are over 100 different lung associations around the world that issue Christmas Seals.

1980 15¢ Emily Bissell Colorano Silk Cachet First Day Cover
US #1823 – Bissell Colorano Silk Cachet First Day Cover picturing Christmas Seals

Click here for more Christmas Seals.

Click here to visit the Christmas Seals website.

Click here for more Christmas stamps.

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