Army

1940 5¢ Walter Reed stamp
September 13, 1851

Happy Birthday, Walter Reed

Major Walter Reed, M.D., was born on September 13, 1851, in Belroi, Gloucester County, Virginia.  Reed confirmed the theory that yellow fever was spread by particular mosquito species.  This led to decreased cases and a treatment, which ultimately saved countless lives in the building of the Panama Canal.

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2002 37¢ Women in Journalism: Marguerite Higgins stamp
September 3, 1920

Birth of Marguerite Higgins

Marguerite Higgins Hall was born on September 3, 1920, in Hong Kong, China. A war correspondent for World War II, Korea, and Vietnam, she was the first woman awarded a Pulitzer Prize for international reporting.

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1918 24c Curtiss Jenny stamp
August 12, 1918

U.S. Post Offices Takes Over Airmail Flights

On August 12, 1918, the US Post Office Department took over control of airmail service from the US Army Air Service. Under the Post Office Department, the service flourished, leading to transcontinental airmail service, which was eventually taken over by private companies.

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1992 Marines Land on Guadalcanal stamp
August 7, 1942

The Guadalcanal Campaign

On August 7, 1942, Allied troops landed on Guadalcanal, Tulagi, and Florida in the southern Solomon Islands.  The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as Operation Watchtower, was the Allies’ first major offensive against the Japanese Empire.

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1992 B-24s Hit Ploesti Refineries stamp
August 1, 1943

Operation Tidal Wave

On August 1, 1943, US Army Air Forces bombed oil refineries in Ploesti, Romania. It was part of the Allies’ oil campaign, to cut off Germany’s petroleum supply during World War II.

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2014 Civil War Sesquicentennial, 1864: The Battle of Petersburg stamp
July 30, 1864

The Battle of the Crater

On July 30, 1864, Union forces launched the surprise Battle of the Crater. They dug tunnels under Confederate positions and set off explosives to catch them by surprise, but poor decisions led the battle to turn against them.

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2003 37¢ Korean War Veterans Memorial
July 27, 1995

Opening of Korean War Veterans Memorial

The Korean War Veterans Memorial was officially dedicated on July 27, 1995, the 42nd anniversary of the armistice that ended the Korean War. This stamp was issued eight years later and led to a federal court case!

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1995 Okinawa, the Last Big Battle stamp
June 21, 1945

U.S. Captures Okinawa

On June 21, 1945, US troops captured Okinawa from the Japanese.  It was the last major WWII battle in the Pacific and has been called the “typhoon of steel” for the fierce fighting, intense kamikaze attacks, and large number of Allied ships and vehicles that assaulted the island.

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1992 Japan Invades Aleutian Islands stamp
June 3, 1942

Aleutian Islands Campaign

One June 3, 1942, Japanese forces kicked of the 14-month Aleutian Islands Campaign. The campaign’s two Japanese invasions were the only ones on US soil during the war.

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