Civil War

1949 3¢ Grand Army of the Republic stamp
October 21, 1861

Battle of Ball’s Bluff

The Civil War Battle of Ball’s Bluff was fought in Loudoun County, Virginia on October 21, 1861.   Though a minor battle and loss for the Union, it had some long-lasting effects on the war and some interesting historical connections.   

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1937 4¢ Army and Navy: Sampson, Dewey and Schley stamp
October 9, 1839

Birth of Winfield Schley

Winfield Scott Schley was born on October 9, 1839, near Frederick, Maryland. He served with distinction in the Civil War and Spanish-American War, most notably claiming victory at the Battle of Santiago.

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2012 The Civil War Sesquicentennial, 1862: Battle of Antietam stamp
September 17, 1862

Battle of Antietam

On September 17, 1862, Union and Confederate troops assembled at Antietam Creek for a 12-hour battle. By sunset, one in five men had become a casualty of the bloodiest one-day battle ever fought on American soil.

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1968 6¢ Cherokee Strip stamp
September 16, 1893

Largest Land Run in Oklahoma 

On September 16, 1893, some 100,000 people raced to claim 6 million acres of land in former Indian Territory in Oklahoma.  It was the largest land run into Oklahoma and resulted in the establishment of 40,000 homesteads. 

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1998 32¢ Uncle Sam stamp
September 7, 1813

The Origins of “Uncle Sam”

On September 7, 1813, a newspaper referred to the United States as “Uncle Sam.”  The name reportedly came from Troy, New York’s Uncle Sam Wilson, and has since become one of America’s most enduring national symbols.

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2016 National Parks Centennial: Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park stamp
August 26, 1992

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park

The Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park was established in Vermont on August 26, 1992. It’s the first national park in the country created to honor the history of conservation.

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1995 32¢ Civil War: Phoebe Pember stamp
August 18, 1823

Birth of Phoebe Pember

Phoebe Yates Levy Pember was born on August 18, 1823, in Charleston, South Carolina. During the Civil War, she directed the care and dietary needs of over 15,000 soldiers at Richmond’s Chimborazo, one of the CSA’s largest hospitals. She later recounted her experiences in her memoir, A Southern Woman’s Story.

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1978 15¢ Americana Series: Fort McHenry Flag stamp
August 11, 1939

Fort McHenry National Monument & Historic Shrine

On August 11, 1939, Congress established Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine. The monument honors and preserves this historic fort where our national anthem was born. It’s also the only place in the National Park system to be designated a Historic Shrine.

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1945 Coast Guard stamp
August 4, 1790

Creation of the U.S. Coast Guard

On August 4, 1790, President George Washington passed a new Tariff Act that created the United States Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the US Coast Guard. The Revenue Cutter Service was America’s only armed maritime service until the Navy was formed in 1798.

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