Birth of Otis Redding

1993 29¢ Legends of American Music: Otis Redding stamp
US #2728 – from the Legends of American Music issue

Otis Ray Redding Jr. was born on September 9, 1941, in Dawson, Georgia.  Despite his brief career, it’s been said that his marriage of traditional R&B with folk music in the 1960s took soul to a new level.

Redding enjoyed singing from an early age, participating in the local church choir and learning to play guitar, piano, and drums.  By the time he was in his teens, he was earning $6 to perform gospel songs on the radio.

Redding quit school when he was 15 to help support his family.  He held a variety of jobs, including occasionally as a musician.  In 1958, he participated in a teen talent contest, attracting the attention of locally famous guitarist Johnny Jenkins.  Jenkins offered to play with him and Redding went on to win 15 consecutive weekly talent shows.  Redding was then invited to replace the frontman of a local band, but then was also invited to replace his idol Little Richard in his band when he quit rock ’n’ roll to dedicate himself to gospel music.

1993 29¢ Otis Redding Silk Cachet First Day Cover
US #2728 – Colorano Silk Cachet First Day Cover

Redding didn’t stay with the band long and in 1960 he moved to Los Angeles.  There he wrote his first songs, “She’s Allright,” “Tuff Enuff,” “I’m Gettin’ Hip,” and “Gamma Lamma.”  Soon he was touring the South with Pat T. Cake and the Mighty Panthers.  When a chance trip took him to Memphis however, Redding’s childhood dream was fulfilled.

1993 29¢ Otis Redding Fleetwood First Day Cover
US #2728 – Fleetwood First Day Cover

In 1962, he offered to drive Jenkins to a recording session at the Stax Studio in Memphis.   The session was largely unproductive and ended early.  Redding was then invited to sing two songs.  While they thought his rendition of “Hey Hey Baby” sounded too much like Little Richard, they were blown away by his performance of “These Arms of Mine.”  One of the studio operators said “There was something different about [the ballad].  He really poured his soul into it.”  Redding was then signed to a label and the two songs were released that October.  “These Arms of Mine” hit the charts the following year and became one of his most successful songs.

1993 29¢ Otis Redding Mystic First Day Cover
US #2728 – Mystic First Day Cover

Redding released his debut album in 1964 and it performed well, reaching number 20 on the R&B chart and 85 on the Billboard Hot 100.  During this time, he performed at the Apollo Theater and recorded a live album there.  The success of his albums during this time allowed him to buy a 300-acre ranch in Georgia and he co-founded a production company.  Redding was then one of the first soul artists to perform for rock ’n’ roll audiences in the western US.

1993 29¢ Otis Redding, booklet single
US #2735 – A booklet version of the stamp above.

In 1966, Redding recorded and released his signature song, “Try a Little Tenderness.”  That same year, he played in London before going on a European tour.  The following year, he was the closing act on Saturday night of the Monterey Pop Festival.  Up until this time he had mostly played for African–American audiences.  However, his performance that night was electric and involved the audience more than any other.  It helped boost him from a local to a national star and was a turning point in his career.

1993 Gambia Famous Entertainers sheet
Gambia #1395 – Famous Entertainers sheet includes a stamp honoring Redding.

In early December 1967, Redding went back to the studio to record his next album.  He recorded a song he co-wrote, “(Sittin’ On) the Dock of the Bay.”  The label and others in the studio thought the song was not R&B and might damage their reputation, but Redding wanted to explore more diverse music and insisted the song would be a success.

1993 Otis Redding First Day Proof Card
Item #4900847 – First Day Proof Card

Shortly after that recording session, Redding performed in Cleveland and then boarded his personal airplane for a concert in Madison, Wisconsin.  In spite of the poor weather, they chose to fly anyway.  About four miles from their destination, they crashed into a lake, killing all but one of the passengers.  Redding was among those killed; he was only 26 years old.  Recorded three days before his death, “(Sittin’ on) The Dock of the Bay” was released in 1968, reached the charts in one month and stayed there for almost a year.  Though brief, Redding’s music career influenced generations of musicians.  It’s been said that his marriage of traditional R&B with folk music in the 1960s took soul to a new level.

FREE printable This Day in History album pages
Download a PDF of today’s article.
Get a binder or other supplies to create your This Day in History album.

Discover what else happened on This Day in History.

Did you like this article? Click here to rate:

[Total: 93 Average: 4.7]

Share this article

3 responses to "Birth of Otis Redding"

3 thoughts on “Birth of Otis Redding”

  1. Wow, what a tragic death, and way too young. Sitting by The Dock of the Bay definitely one of my favorites, but he did so much more.

    Reply
  2. What a loss! I was 15 when that song (Sittin’ on the dock of the bay) came out. I loved it! Still love it today, in my top 10 faves of all time.

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Love history?

Discover events in American history – plus the stamps that make them come alive.

Subscribe to get This Day in History stories straight to your inbox every day!