Government

2000 33¢ American Samoa
April 17, 1900

American Samoa Ceded to the U.S.

On April 17, 1900, chiefs on the island of Tutuila signed the Treaty of Cession of Tutuila, transferring control of American Samoa to the United States.  The US Navy governed the island for half a century before it became self-governing, but remains an unincorporated US territory.

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1989 25¢ Black Heritage: A. Philip Randolph
April 15, 1889

Birth of A. Philip Randolph

Asa Philip Randolph was born on April 15, 1889, in Crescent City, Florida. Randolph was a respected and outspoken proponent of the rights of minority labor. He was greatly feared by his opponents, not because of his temperament, but because of his power to create change.

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1866 15¢ Lincoln, black
April 14, 1866

First U.S. Mourning Stamp

April 14, 1866 was the earliest known usage of the first US mourning stamp, which honored Abraham Lincoln.  It was issued a year after his assassination, during a critical time in US history, when the country was attempting to heal from the bloody Civil War. 

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1962 4¢ Charles Evans Hughes
April 11, 1862

Birth of Charles Evans Hughes 

Charles Evans Hughes was born on April 11, 1862, in Glens Falls, New York.  As governor of New York he fought political corruption.  He also served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for 11 years, during the Great Depression and Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal.

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1947 3¢ Joseph Pulitzer
April 10, 1847

Birth of Joseph Pulitzer

Publisher and politician József “Joseph” Pulitzer was born on April 10, 1847, in Makó, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire.  Pulitzer often used sensationalism to sell papers, leading to wider circulation.  The Pulitzer Prize was created as a result of an endowment he left to Columbia University.

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1975 10¢ Haym Salomon
April 7, 1740

Birth of Haym Salomon

Haym Salomon was born on April 7, 1740, in Leszno, Poland.  Salomon raised funds and gave his own money to help the American war effort during the Revolutionary War. 

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1975 13¢ Flag Over Independence Hall
April 4, 1818

The Flag Act of 1818 

On April 4, 1818, President James Monroe signed a flag act that changed the way the US flag was updated when new states joined the Union.  This act has affected every US flag issued since… 

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2004 37¢ US Air Force Academy
April 1, 1954

U.S. Air Force Academy Established

On April 1, 1954, President Dwight Eisenhower created the Air Force Academy to train officers.  During its more than 60 year history, the academy has had over 52,000 graduates move on to become US Air Force officers.

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1955 Liberty Series - $1 Patrick Henry
March 23, 1775

Patrick Henry Delivers Famous Speech 

On March 23, 1775, Patrick Henry addressed the Second Virginia Convention to convince them to raise a militia.  During his rousing speech, he delivered one of his most famous statements…

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