Charles Lindbergh, Airmail Pilot
Charles Lindbergh, Airmail Pilot
On April 15, 1926, Charles Lindbergh made his first airmail flight.
When the US Airmail service was inaugurated in 1918, the Post Office Department oversaw the delivery of the mail. Then in 1925, Congress passed the Kelly Act, which allowed the post office to work with commercial air carriers to create new airmail routes and deliver the mail.
The first two contract airmail routes went into service on February 15, 1926, flying between Detroit and Cleveland and Detroit and Chicago. Charles Lindbergh, who was already an experienced pilot at the age of 24, was then hired by the Robertson Aircraft Company to develop a third route, which was known as Contact Airmail Route #2. This route would fly from Chicago to St. Louis, with stops in Springfield and Peoria.
In the months leading up to the start of the service, Lindbergh surveyed the 278-mile route, establishing the flight and postal operations at each of the four landing fields. He also selected nine additional emergency landing fields, each about 30 miles apart. Lindbergh also hired two of his Army flying friends to help him complete the flights.
Days before the inaugural flight, on April 10, 1926, Lindbergh and his team completed survey flights to make sure everything was in order and to help general public interest in the upcoming flight. Then at 5:50 a.m. on April 15, 1926, Lindbergh inaugurated the first flight of the new line, departing Chicago with 87 pounds of mail. All of the covers carried a special commemorative cachet.
From there, Lindbergh flew south to Peoria where he picked up another 23 pounds of mail. He then stopped in Springfield and picked up 93 pounds of mail before completing the last leg of his journey, reaching St. Louis at 9:15 am.
That afternoon, Phil Love made the return flight back to Chicago. Because the morning flight had generated so much interest, the evening flight carried a large load – 144 pounds from St. Louis alone. Lindbergh and another pilot also departed St. Louis in empty planes, as they expected a large amount of mail in Springfield. And there was! A large crowd had assembled at the field to watch the pilots and they sent out a total of 385 pounds of mail. After picking up 40 pounds of mail in Peoria, the return trip reached Chicago at 7:15 p.m.
Lindbergh worked as an airmail pilot for 10 months, flying five days a week. On two occasions he was forced to bail out of his plane. On September 16, 1926, his plane ran out of fuel before he could reach Chicago and he had to jump out of the plane over Wedron, Illinois. His 4,000-foot parachute jump was the longest recorded night jump at that time. Two months later, on November 3, he had to jump out of his plane due to bad weather and landed on a barbed wire fence.
It was while working as an airmail pilot that Lindbergh first heard about hotel owner Raymond Orteig’s $25,000 prize for the first pilot to fly non-stop across the Atlantic. Just a little over a year after he began his airmail career, Lindbergh became an international celebrity for completing the journey in his plane, the Spirit of St. Louis.
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15 responses to "Charles Lindbergh, Airmail Pilot"
15 thoughts on “Charles Lindbergh, Airmail Pilot”
Thanks Mystic. Nice reading about early pioneers in airmail delivery.
Wow, that was a lot of weight for back then. Lots of letters or catalogs?
What happened to the planes and mail he jumped out of?
According to charleslindbergh.com…
First bailout, “The plane crashed about two miles from where Lindbergh landed, but the mail was undamaged, recovered, and delivered.”
Second bailout, “Mail, much of it oil-soaked, was recovered from the wrecked airplane and delivered.”
Great History !!!!
Thank you so much for this story. I will share it with the members of the Rossmoor Stamp club.
It is the policy of the US Post Office to retrieve and deliver any kind of mail that ended up like these situations. They will even do so if the mail is tattered. I love to read about Charles Lindbergh’s exploits in aviation. I am sorry that he got mixed up in politics because he was a little naive for that milieu and it sullied his record.
Politics can be brutal, but many Americans opposed the war in Europe and the Far East. It took a tragic event like Pearl Harbor to unify Americans, and Charles Lindbergh and others who opposed the war were the first to join in the fight against the aggressors. The War Department denied Lindbergh’s request for aviation service in the Army Air Corps. As a private citizen, he designed planes and tested the use of oxygen masks on high-altitude flights. Unofficially, he took part in military actions in the Far East without the War Department’s knowledge. In my opinion, Lindbergh did not receive a second chance for redemption. Yes, politics can be brutal.
I look forward to my daily stamp history email. I love it!!!
Wonderful historical write up! Extra special with the stamps and First Day covers. Thanks
So enjoy the stories behind the stamps. Learning facts never taught and bringing history alive.
He sure went through some aircraft, didn’t he?
Dear Ms Pauline Hartman
You mention “Rossmoor”. Is this the: Rossmoor Leisure World retirement
community? If it is, I would like to know a little about it. I believe that the
Catholic Priest that married my wife and I, may be living there. I saw him
ones and he told me he may be retiring to that location, since his mother lives there. She may have passed on by now. The priest’s name: Father William Saunders. My name: Manuel Shelton. My email: email@example.com
I have an envelope from that first flight. I wonder what it might be worth.
What ever you can get