Massachusetts Becomes 6th State
Massachusetts Becomes 6th State
On February 6, 1788, Massachusetts became the 6th state to join the Union.
Native Americans lived in the Massachusetts region for more than 3,000 years. In 1614, English sea captain John Smith sailed along the coast of Massachusetts. Smith’s book, “A Description of New England,” guided the Pilgrims to Massachusetts.
On September 16, 1620, 41 Separatists and 61 others seeking religious freedom journeyed to America. These Pilgrims sailed from Plymouth, England, aboard the Mayflower. That November, they landed in what is now known as Provincetown Harbor. Before they set foot on land, the Pilgrims drew up the Mayflower Compact – the first agreement for self-government ever put into writing in America.
The Pilgrims faced a difficult first winter – about half of them perished. Early in 1621, the Pilgrims made contact with American Indians. These Native Americans taught them how to plant corn and beans, and how to live more comfortably. Soon, more settlers came to the colony, and it began to flourish.
The Puritans received a charter from King Charles I to found a colony in the Massachusetts Bay area. In 1630, about 1,000 Puritans voyaged to the New World. They founded a settlement in what is now Boston. The Massachusetts Bay Colony grew quickly, and by 1640, it had 10,000 settlers.
Massachusetts colonists faced many hardships. In 1675, King Philip, a Wampanoag Indian chief, decided to push the Europeans out of his homeland. King Philip was killed in 1676, effectively ending the war, but not before hundreds of Europeans and Native Americans died. From 1689 to 1713, the colonists, as well as British troops, were caught up in the French and Indian War and were forced to defend their homes. The fighting stopped for a time but erupted again during the 1740s, finally ending in 1763.
The French and Indian War left Britain in debt, so taxes were levied on the New World colonies. The colonists’ slogan, “No taxation without representation,” became popular in Massachusetts. Protests were staged. In 1770, British soldiers fired on a group of angry patriots, killing five of them. The Boston Massacre, as it came to be known, sparked public sentiment against the British. In 1773, angry colonists, disguised as Indians, staged the legendary Boston Tea Party to protest a tea tax, dumping 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor. Britain responded to the Boston Tea Party by passing a series of punitive laws, known in the colonies as the Intolerable Acts. These acts provoked the colonists and set the stage for the Revolutionary War.
The American Revolution began in Massachusetts, and the majority of the early fighting took place in its territory. Massachusetts soldiers fought bravely in the first battles of the war, which included Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill. In the spring of 1776, General George Washington drove the British out of Boston. This marked the first major Colonial victory of the war. Massachusetts supplied a large number of the soldiers who fought in the war, and ships from the state inflicted heavy damage on British merchant ships. In 1783, the British signed the Treaty of Paris, which recognized the independence of the United States, and ended the war.
On February 6, 1788, Massachusetts ratified the United States Constitution and became the sixth state to join the Union. As part of the ratification process, the state insisted that certain measures concerning individual rights be added to the document. On December 15, 1791, the Bill of Rights became an important part of the “Law of the Land.”
President Thomas Jefferson passed the Embargo Act of 1807 in an attempt to avoid war. The Embargo Act, which curbed shipping to foreign ports, forced economic change in Massachusetts. The state pioneered the textile and shoe industries. In 1814, Francis Cabot Lowell built one of the first textile mills in the US, in Waltham. Soon, more textile mills were opened in the eastern portion of the state. Farmers suffered under the new economic system. When the Erie Canal opened in 1825, allowing farm products from the West to be imported, most farmers left the state or took factory jobs. In New Bedford, Nantucket, and Boston, the whaling industry flourished until the 1860s, when kerosene replaced whale oil as the major fuel. The mill cities grew rapidly, sometimes doubling their population in less than a decade. Advancements in power were made as well; as waterpower proved inadequate for large-scale factories, steam engines powered by coal were introduced.
After the Civil War, many industries expanded greatly in Massachusetts, especially textiles, leather, and metal products. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in Boston. Although the economy suffered during the Great Depression, it soared during World War II. Factories and shipyards produced large numbers of products needed for the war effort. During the 1950s and ’60s, many of the state’s traditional industries fell into decline. These were replaced by high-technology industries such as electronics, computers, cameras, jet engines, and missile parts. Today, the state has a thriving, modern industrial base, and a large number of colleges and universities.
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8 responses to "Massachusetts Becomes 6th State "
8 thoughts on “Massachusetts Becomes 6th State ”
Thanks for an excellent summary of the English beginnings in Massachusetts. I always thought the Pilgrims actually intended to settle in Virginia, but their first landfall happened to be the New England coast, and after two months on the crowded ship and winter coming on, they decided to settle there Was it perhaps the Puritans who were influenced by John Smith’s book rather than the Pilgrims? Just wondering.
The Bill of Rights is the cornerstone of our democracy, but it seems to be eroding these days by the progressive leftists idealogy.
Oh please, Frank! D. Trump is no “progressive leftist,” and he’s the one who has no respect for the Bill of Rights. He is waging a verbal war against the press. He refers to any story that he doesn’t like as “fake news”. He has threatened to cancel the broadcast rights of the N.Y. Times. He wants to change the libel laws so that he can sue if a story is critical of him. He has referred to the Democrats who didn’t stand and applaud as un-American and treasonous. He has attacked judges who rule against. He has said that his political opponent, Hillary Clinton, should be prosecuted and jailed. The Bill of Rights is indeed the “cornerstone of our democracy.” It’s shocking that the President of the United States doesn’t believe that.
You are absolutely right, Conrad. It is Trump and his GOP that undermine the constitution and specifically the Bill of Rights! The president does not know the constitution and he doesn’t want to read it.
Have you considered that both Trump AND “the Left” can be threats to the Bill of Rights? Or do you really think modern Liberalism is beyond reproach? These are sincere questions, Conrad.
Liberals, conservatives, and centrists have threatened the basic freedoms in the Bill of Rights at various times often as private citizens. But Trump is the President of the United States of America. He took a oath to “preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States,” and yet he threatens the Bill of Rights on nearly daily basis.
1960’s “America, love it or leave it”. 2000’s “America, change it or lose it”
By the way, happy anniversary to the Mass-es.