U.S. #800 – pictures Denali (formerly Mount McKinley), the highest peak in North America.

Alaska Becomes America’s 49th State

On January 3, 1959, Alaska joined the United States.

Most scientists believe the first people to live in America walked across a land bridge that connected Asia to Alaska more than 20,000 years ago.  Then in 1648, Semen I. Dezhnev led a group of Russians across the narrow body of water that separates Asia from Alaska.

U.S. #3562 pictures a common Alaskan scene – a bear hunting salmon in a stream.

Over the years, fur brought Russian hunters and traders to Alaska.  On the Aleutian Islands, and later on the mainland, a lucrative fur trade was developed.  As a result, the populations of fur-bearing animals were decimated.  The first white settlement in Alaska was established on Kodiak Island, in 1784.  It was founded by Gregory Shelikof, who called it Russian America.

Russia attempted to build several industries in Alaska, including coal mining, ship building, and whaling.  However, once the fur trade became less profitable, interest in the area declined.  Russia’s economy was damaged by the costly Crimean War (1853-56).  As a result, Russia decided to sell Alaska in 1867.

U.S. #370 – William Seward arranged for the purchase of Alaska in 1867.

U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward agreed to buy Alaska for $7,200,000 – a cost of about 2¢ per acre.  Today, with the perspective of history, Seward’s purchase is seen as a stroke of genius.  At the time, many Americans opposed the purchase.  In fact, some called it “Seward’s Folly”, and referred to Alaska as “Seward’s Icebox” and “Icebergia.”  However, not all Americans opposed the purchase, and Congress approved the treaty.

U.S. #C53 pictures the shape of Alaska with the Big Dipper constellation, as taken from the state flag.

Alaska had no independent government for the next 17 years.  The territory was administered by the War Department, then the Treasury Department, and finally the Navy Department.  No attention was given to local matters.  Salmon first attracted U.S. companies to Alaska.  The first cannery was built in 1878.  Congress passed the First Organic Act for Alaska in 1884, establishing Alaska as a distinct “civil and judicial district.”  Alaska was provided with a governor, a code of laws, and a federal court.  However, Alaska’s laws were identical to Oregon’s, and did not fit Alaska’s conditions.  Congress remained in control of lawmaking for Alaska.

U.S. #2066 pictures a caribou and the Alaska pipeline

Joseph Juneau and Richard T. Harris discovered gold in southeastern Alaska in 1880.  Additional gold strikes led thousands to flock to Alaska to prospect and mine for gold.  Between 1890 and 1900, Alaska’s population almost doubled, reaching 63,952 people.

Gold brought government attention to Alaska.  A Board of Road Commissioners was created to build roads, trails, bridges, and ferries throughout the populated areas of the territory.  In 1906, Alaskans were allowed to elect a representative to Congress.  This representative could speak before the Congress, but could not vote.  In 1912, the second Organic Act provided Alaska with a territorial legislature, with limited power.

U.S. #1681 – The state flag includes the Big Dipper to symbolize strength and the North Star for Alaska’s role as the northernmost U.S. state.

Japanese attacks on Alaska during World War II changed perceptions about the territory, and movements for statehood were initiated. Several bills were introduced between the mid-1940s and the late 1950s.  In 1958, Congress finally voted to admit Alaska into the Union and on January 3 Alaska achieved statehood.  It was the first new U.S. state since 1912.

Click the images to add this history to your collection.

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  1. I enjoy these little history diversions. I was 8 years old when Alaska was admitted into the Union. Keep up the great work!

  2. I have added statehood collections to my national collection each year a statehood stamp is issued. Many of the stamps bought from Mystic stamp co. Thanks so much for these daily post

  3. We have visited Alaska and picked our own activities, including two hour horseback tour of Denali
    Nat’l Park, two hour drive your own jeep tour of Denali, trip to Prudhoe Bay by airplane and a tour of the oil complex with an native lunch followed by white water rafting. It was an exciting vacation and wonderful scenery. One of our most beautiful states.

  4. I remember when Alaska joined. Thought it was neat then and still do. 49 star flags were special. Until Hawaii joined. Alaska is a beautiful state. Hope we can keep it that way.

  5. Nice flag and appropriate. Great job sec. Seward. During the Cold war (good name), Alaska was critical to our security. The Soviets really burned then and probably Russians still do that they had it and sold it.

  6. I can remember that we had a 49-star flag for about a year back then until the admission of Hawaii gave us our current 50-star flag.

  7. Beautiful Alaska! Let’s hear it for Secretary Seward! Happy Anniversary to everyone in Alaska! Thanks for the great information, Mystic.

  8. I was in the 5th grade when Alaska became a state. The event is a vivid memory. Hawaii soon followed. Great suff Mystic.

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