Britain Repeals the Stamp Act 

U.S. #5064 was issued for the 250th anniversary of the repeal.

On March 18, 1766, British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act.

Britain first passed the Stamp Act on March 22, 1765, in an attempt to increase its revenues from the American colonies. This act placed a direct tax on the colonies for the first time. It forced colonists to buy a British tax stamp for every official document they obtained.

Under this act, all types of printed material required a stamp showing that a tax had been paid. Items requiring these stamps included newspapers, books, court documents, land deeds, almanacs, and playing cards.

British proof of American tax stamp (not available for sale but click image to see larger)

Colonists were outraged and protested against taxation by Parliament, because they had no one to represent them. In response British goods were boycotted, customhouses were vandalized, and tax collectors were attacked. In England, merchants whose products were boycotted pressured Parliament to repeal the act.

The “Sons of Liberty” secret society was formed within the 13 colonies to coordinate protests. Effigies were burned under the “Liberty Tree” in Boston, and fear kept many tax distributors from selling the stamps.

That June, the Massachusetts Assembly sent a letter to the various colonies (including portions of present-day Canada, which was then known as the British West India islands) to arrange a meeting to discuss the situation. Nine colonies (Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and South Carolina) ultimately selected delegates to attend the congress. Among the delegates were some familiar names: Robert R. Livingston and Caesar Rodney.

U.S. #323 from the 1904 Louisiana Purchase issue.

The delegates met in New York City in the fall of 1765 behind closed doors. They debated the differences between direct internal taxation and external taxation from Britain. In the end, they largely agreed that taxation should remain within the colonies.

The delegates produced a statement of rights to send to the king and Parliament. Known as the Declaration of Rights and Grievances. Many in England refused to recognize the document and considered it inappropriate and unconstitutional. However, the threat of lost trade led some to rally for the repeal of the act.

U.S. #5064 FDC – First Day Cover with Digital Color Postmark.

British Parliament ultimately voted 276-168 to repeal the Stamp Act on March 18, 1766. But they also passed Declaratory Act, which claimed its authority to legislate the colonies no matter what. The decision slowed calls for independence, though it did not stop the march toward the American Revolution. But the die had been cast. Flush with victory, colonists would soon use their Stamp Act protest tactics to push for true independence.

Click here to see what else happened on This Day in History.

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  1. As we move forward into the future, it’s good to remember how the issues of our history are always with us. Taxes and government representation are still major discussion points among the American public. Wonder what can we learn from the struggles our forefathers faced?

      1. NO we need to drain the swamp and get back to basic constitution where judges don’t legislate and career politicians

        1. “Career politicians?” I hear that phrase, but I don’t get it. When I have a plumbing problem, I want a career plumber. If I have an electrical problem, I want a career electrician. If I have a problem with my teeth, I want a career dentist. How ridiculous would it be if every dentist had to leave the profession after five or ten years on the job. Career politicians isn’t the problem. It’s big money and gerrymandering that keep some ineffective and useless politicians in office. Our current President isn’t a career politician and look what we’ve got, an inept armature.

          1. Well said. The current governmental crisis created by the incoming adminstration is not helping the people of this republic.

      2. Oh man, I hope not. All of the crazies will come out and advocate for their pet projects. The strength of our Constitution is that it is vague enough that it can adapt and change with the times, despite what the so-called “originality” think.

  2. What ever the outcome from current affairs, it’ll be interesting to see what postage stamps result in the future… and read about it in Mystic’s This Day in History!

  3. Wow !! Upgrades and additional information about key details in American history is so interesting, helpful and amazing. Learning more from every Mystic’s “This Day in History” explanation behind individual stamp productions is fantastic !! Thank you so much !

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