Happy Birthday Bing Crosby 

U.S. #2850 – Crosby stamp from the Popular Singers series.

The best-selling record artist of the 20th century, Bing Crosby, was born Harry Lillis Crosby, Jr., in Tacoma, Washington, on May 3, 1903.

The fourth of seven children, Crosby spent his first three years in Tacoma before the family moved to Spokane. When he was seven years old, Crosby received his new name. At the time, he and a neighbor enjoyed a Sunday feature of the Spokesman-Review called the Bingville Bugle. His neighbor began calling him Bingo from Bingville, and later just Bing.

When he was 14, Crosby began working at the Spokane Auditorium, where he had the opportunity to see some of the day’s biggest performers. Among them, Al Jolson left the largest impression, captivating Crosby with his ad-libbing and spoofs of Hawaiian songs. He later described Jolson’s performances as “electric.” Crosby went on to attend Gonzaga University for three years, but didn’t graduate (though he was later awarded an honorary doctorate).

U.S. #2849 – Al Jolson was a major inspiration on Crosby as a child.

Beginning in 1923, Crosby began his performing career with the Musicaladers, a music group that lasted for two years. He then went back to working in auditorium, where he occasionally sang in a trio between films. Then, in 1925, he and friend Al Rinker decided to go to Los Angeles to become stars. They got their first jobs at The Syncopation Idea before bring discovered by Paul Whiteman.

Naming them the Rhythm Boys, Whiteman gave their careers a major boost, booking them shows in Chicago and New York, as well as their first recording. Additionally, Crosby was soon in high demand as a solo artist on record and radio. In 1928, he had his first number one hit with “Ol’ Man River.” Despite the success, Crosby soon became dissatisfied with Whiteman, and he and the Rhythm Boys left and joined the Gus Arnheim Orchestra. Soon Crosby’s solos began stealing the shows, and he was offered a solo radio broadcast in New York. Crosby made his solo radio debut in September 1931 and was then hired for a weekly 15-minute broadcast that yielded some of the year’s best-selling songs.

Soon, Crosby was the leading singer in America, with 10 of the top 50 songs of 1931 featuring him. In 1932, he starred in his first full-length movie, The Big Broadcast.   Following the success of that film, Crosby received a contract with Paramount, filming three movies a year. While he cut down on his live performances, Crosby produced a number of successful records at a time when record sales were low because of the Depression.

U.S. #2850 – Click to choose from several Bing Crosby First Day Covers.

After replacing Paul Whiteman as host of Kraft Music Hall, Crosby worked on the film Pennies From Heaven. He fought to get his idol Louis Armstrong in the movie and also to give him equal billing with his white co-stars, which had rarely been done at that time. Armstrong’s career boomed after the film, and he was always thankful to Crosby.

Over the next few years Crosby helped usher in the era of the crooner. On Christmas Day, 1941, he debuted his most popular song, “White Christmas.” It was featured in Holiday Inn the following year and was re-released for the holidays several times in the coming years.

During World War II, Crosby performed for American troops fighting in Europe. At the end of the war, U.S. troops considered Crosby the person who’d done the most for their morale, ahead of President Franklin Roosevelt, General Dwight Eisenhower, and Bob Hope.

U.S. #4406 – Crosby and Hope did seven Road to… movies together.

Beginning in 1940, Crosby starred with Bob Hope and Dorothy Lamour in seven Road to… musical comedies. In 1949, he voiced the narration for Disney’s The Legend of Sleepy Hollow segment of the animated film, The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad. Crosby made his way to television in the 1950s, beginning with The Fireside Theater.

Crosby’s health began to suffer in the 1970s, though he continued to perform. He suffered a heart attack at a Spanish golf course on October 14, 1977.

Called “the greatest entertainer of the 20th century,” Crosby made more non-rock recordings and placed more songs in the “Top Ten” than any other individual singer. His career as an entertainer spanned more than 50 years, during which time he recorded over 1,600 songs and sold more than 500 million records.

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12 Comments

  1. I grew up hearing Bing. My dad sounded just like him and we had all his records of the time. I was impressed that he married a young woman and had a child in his 60’s. The era of the crooner is gone. We have ushered in the era of the screamers. My hearing is going just in time.

    1. Amen to your comment, Stu. I can’t understand the music lyrics of today – too much loud noise and a lot of “screaming” as you said. You and I must have grown up in the “best of times” – after WWII during the late 40’s and 50’s.

    2. Hey you forgot to mention Bing won the Academy Award for best actor in 1944 for playing Fr. O’Malley in the popular movie–one of the best in 1944–“Going my Way.” That was considered one of the highlights of Crosby’s career–a dramatic role after other movies when he was just acting as a side to his voice or as a good time guy like in the hilarious “Road pictures.” Seems like a big part to have been omitted.

  2. Crosby was the richest performer of all time. He accumulated almost a billion dollars in his career
    (especially with his investments in orange groves out in the valley with Bob Hope). Something
    to which no contemporary artist has come close- including Paul Macartney and beyonce!

  3. You don’t normally scoot around controversy and I would like to know more about his history as a father.

  4. We lived in the same neighborhood that Bing Crosby was born in Tacoma, 4 blocks east of his birthplace. Legend has it he played in our 1890 Queen Anne Victorian as a toddler and there was a photo of that occasion, but we have not been able to substantiate this. The plaque in front of his birthplace shows a birth year of 1904…

  5. His entertaining information is interesting. I have also heard (read) that he was not the best father in the world and that his children were less than pleased with the cruelty that he dished out on them.

  6. Maybe Crosby was like the rest of us–not perfect. He did make many happy with his career. Only he has to answer if he inflicted pain to others in his family. I hope he made peace with his older sons.

  7. I will always remember Bing; he had a beautiful voice. His first wife was a cousin of my husband’s grandmother. She got pictures of his boys every Christmas.

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