Birth of Charles Evans Hughes
Birth of Charles Evans Hughes
Statesman Charles Evans Hughes was born on April 11, 1862, in Glens Falls, New York.
Hughes attended Madison (now Colgate) University before transferring to Brown University, where he graduated third in his class. He then attended Columbia Law School, from which he graduated with highest honors in 1884.
After graduating Hughes joined a law firm and was made a partner within four years. From 1891 to 1893 he took a brief break from practicing law to teach at Cornell Law School. After that, he returned to his law career, though he would also work as a special lecturer from time to time at Cornell and New York University Law School.
In 1905 Hughes was selected to join the New York legislative “Stevens Gas Commission” to look into utility rates. Hughes discovered corruption in the system and helped to lower gas rates. Hughes then ran for governor of New York in 1906, defeating William Randolph Hearst. In 1908 William Howard Taft offered him the vice presidential nomination, but he refused it to run for governor again. Theodore Roosevelt became one of his greatest supporters.
Hughes introduced sweeping changes as governor. He fought political corruption and introduced new campaign laws that made candidates keep track of their expenses (this law was then introduced in 15 other states). Hughes pushed for the Moreland Act, which ultimately allowed him to remove corrupt city and county officials from office. He also fought to increase the powers of the state’s Public Service Commissions. And he reorganized the Department of Labor and established new labor laws within the state, including eight-hour days and 48-hour maximum workweeks for workers under 16 as well as barring young workers from dangerous jobs. During his last year as governor Hughes signed the Worker’s Compensation Act.
In April 1910, President William Howard Taft nominated Hughes for Associate Justice to fill a vacancy. The Senate approved him and he was confirmed on May 2. As an Associate Justice, Hughes fought laissez-faire capitalism and supported the expansion of state and federal regulatory powers.
Hughes resigned from the Supreme Court to run for president in 1916. Though he had the support of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, he lost the election (by a small margin) to Woodrow Wilson. He would return to politics five years later when Warren G. Harding appointed him Secretary of State. In that role he attended the Washington Naval Conference and signed an agreement ending America’s occupation of the Dominican Republic.
Hughes remained in his post for part of Calvin Coolidge’s term as president but eventually resigned. He then served as president of the New York State Bar Association and as a judge on the Court of International Justice, as well as practicing law with his former firm. Then in 1930, Herbert Hoover appointed him Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Hughes went on to lead the Supreme Court through a difficult time, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt introduced a great deal of legislation the justices found unconstitutional. Hughes retired from the court in 1941. Click here to read about some of the significant cases from his tenure.
Hughes died on August 27, 1948, in Osterville, Massachusetts.
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10 responses to "Birth of Charles Evans Hughes "
10 thoughts on “Birth of Charles Evans Hughes ”
Didn’t know anything about Mr. Charles Evans Hughes, thank you Mystic for shining a light on this man. Seems like we could use someone like Mr. Hughes today among our highest offices of the Federal Government.
– a distinguished career. I agree with David Cid that we need more like him in government.
Great Jurist who would have been rejected by Democrats if appointed by Trump or any other
It seems Mr Hughes did affiliate himself with Republicans; however reading TDIH, it looks like as Governor, he sponsored many regulations affecting businesses, and as “an Associate Justice, Hughes fought laissez-faire capitalism and supported the expansion of state and federal regulatory powers.”
Looks like Mr. Hughes would of had a difficult time being supported by today’s Republican Senate as well — especially if, oh my goodness, appointed by a Democrat.
Kenneth Snyder’s statement is ridiculous. Hughes wasn’t appointed to a “stolen” seat on the Supreme Court, and he wasn’t a right-wing ideologue. David Cid is right. Based on Hughes’ record, it would be the Republicans who would block him.
Republicans in those days were far more progressive with good governance in contrast to today’s Republicans’ lust for power and greed. Mr. Hughes wouldn’t have a chance with current Republicans! I totally agree with David and Conrad.
I thank you for all the interesting material on the many people that you send to all of us. I also
send it to my Granddaughter and she makes a copy of them to teach to her class inbetween all the
other subjects. I have told other people to look at this and it is great for doing extra credit in a
classroom for kids. Maybe all the children would be a lot smarter by reading all of your stories
on people that are on stamps and learn to save them. Thank you again
Mystic Stamp Company: You provide a wonderful service. Very educational even for us senior citizens.
Even though we grew up with a lot of the history you present, it’s always a good reminder of things that happened during our lifetimes. Great hobby (with value) collecting U.S. stamps. Thank you. GE Harper (79 years)
Hughes is a giant in American political history. I had no idea how much he did in his amazing life. Any short bio of him has to be too short, but I would like to have read more about how Hughes successfully resisted FDR’s efforts to pack the Supreme Court with obedient Democratic justices and thus destroy the separation of powers.
I add my thanks to Mystic Stamp Co. for providing us with these exceptional historical essays.
Disagree with NO THING I HAVE READ.
1 REASON 2 B IN STAMPS. HISTORY, SOME EARLIER BETTER THAN WHAT IS GOING ON 2 DAY.