Cherry Trees Planted Along the Potomac

US #4651-52 was issued for the 100th anniversary of this event.

On March 27, 1912, US First Lady Helen Taft and wife of the Japanese ambassador Viscountess Chinda planted two Yoshina cherry trees on the northern bank of the Potomac River.  The plantings were in celebration of the Japanese gift of 3,020 cherry trees to the US government.

US #4651-52 – Fleetwood First Day Cover.

The effort to bring cherry trees to the nation’s capital was headed by writer Eliza Scidmore (1856-1928).  The flowering cherry tree, or “Sakura,” is a flowering plant symbolizing human life and transformation in Japanese culture.  After returning from a trip to Japan in 1885, she imagined rows of trees along the shores of the Potomac River.  Scidmore was raising money to buy trees to donate to the city when she wrote a letter to First Lady Helen Taft.  Mrs. Taft was immediately in favor of the project.

US #1158 was issued for the 100th anniversary of the first peace treaty between the US and Japan.

Then in April 1909, Mrs. Taft discovered an area of swampland along the Potomac and was inspired to create a massive bandstand for the Marine Band to put on concerts twice a week.  She tasked the Agriculture Department with bringing all available cherry blossom trees to the capital to be planted in a single row.

US #4651-52 – Set of 2 First Day Covers with Digital Color Postmarks.

Working with the Office of Public Buildings and Grounds and the Japanese Embassy, Mrs. Taft arranged for the delivery of 2,000 trees from Japan.  However, these trees were found to be infested with insects and burned.  A new crop of over 3,000 trees was sent in 1912 and found to be in good condition.

Item #M11739 – Colorano Silk First Day Covers with 2015 Japan stamps honoring the cherry blossoms.

On March 27, 1912, Mrs. Taft and the wife of the Japanese ambassador to the US planted the first two cherry trees.  Those same trees continue to grow today.  Over the years, Japan donated thousands of additional flowering cherry trees.  In 1915, the US returned the favor, donating several flowering dogwood trees to the people of Japan.

US #1158 – Plate Block First Day Cover.

These beautiful trees drew such a crowd over the years, an entire festival was conceived to celebrate them.  The first Cherry Blossom Festival was held in 1934.  It has continued every year, except during World War II.  The three-day event has expanded to five weeks of activities for every interest.  These include parades, street fairs, and cultural events.

Click here for more about the annual Cherry Blossom Festival.

Click here to see what else happened on This Day in History.

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  1. Several years ago I was able to visit Washington, DC during the cherry blossom bloom. The site including the reflection of the trees on the pool in front of the Jefferson Memorial were breathtaking. Thanks Mystic for yet another fascinating brief on America!

  2. And then they bombed the crap out of Pearl Harbor 30 years later. Killed many of our servicemen in the process.

  3. The actions of the Japanese military clique were infamous, to paraphrase FDR, but at least we had better sense than to take it out on the cherry trees. Not so sure some of the idiots we have running around today would have exercised the same judgement.

    1. A great article. I would have never guessed Japan was a source of the trees, or the dates this all took place. Thank you Mystic.

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