Birth of Harlan F. Stone

1948 3¢ Harlan F. Stone stamp
US #965 was designed to resemble the Famous Americans stamps.

Supreme Court Justice Harlan Fiske Stone was born on October 11, 1872, in Chesterfield, New Hampshire.  He served on the court for over 20 years, including over four years as chief justice.

Stone attended Amherst College before earning his bachelor of law degree from Columbia Law School in 1898.  He practiced law in New York City for a few years before returning to Columbia as a teacher and later the dean.

1948 3¢ Harlan F. Stone Classic First Day Cover
US #965 – Classic First Day Cover

During World War I, Stone served on the War Department’s board of inquiry, reviewing nearly 3,000 cases of conscientious objectors that had been denied by their draft boards.  After the war, he grew increasingly unhappy at Columbia and resigned his deanship, joining a prestigious New York law firm.

1948 3¢ Harlan F. Stone Fleetwood Plate Block First Day Cover
US #965 – Fleetwood Plate Block First Day Cover

In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge (who had known Stone at Amherst) appointed him US attorney general.  Coolidge believed Stone would be a fitting person to oversee all of the investigations into the scandals of the Harding administration.  Among his first acts in this new office was appointing J. Edgar Hoover to head of the Department of Justice’s Bureau of Investigation (later the FBI).

1968 6¢ Law and Order stamp
US #1343 – Under Stone’s leadership, the FBI became the most efficient police organization in the country.

Stone directed Hoover to model the agency after Britain’s Scotland Yard, and it soon was more efficient than any other police organization in the nation.  As attorney general, Stone personally argued many of the department’s cases in federal court and led an anti-trust investigation into the Aluminum Company of America.

Following the election of 1924, Justice Joseph McKenna resigned from the Supreme Court.  Early the next year, President Coolidge nominated Stone to replace him as an associate justice.  He was confirmed a month later by a vote of 71 to 6.

1948 3¢ Harlan F. Stone Plate Block First Day Cover
US #965 – Plate Block First Day Cover

During Stone’s first few years on the court, much of its focus was on the relationship between businesses and government.  Though he was a conservative, Stone often sided with the liberal justices.  In the 1930s, he, Louis Brandeis, and Benjamin Cardozo became known as the Three Musketeers of the Supreme Court.  They supported President Roosevelt’s New Deal, even as the other justices opposed it.

1981 20¢ Flag over Supreme Court stamp
US #1894 – Stone served as chief justice of the court from 1941 to 1946.

In 1941, Roosevelt nominated Stone for chief justice to replace the exiting Charles Evans Hughes.  He remained in the post until his death.  During Stone’s years as chief justice, views of Constitutional laws were changing.  Frequently, the court was divided.  Although Stone was a conservative, he often voted to uphold liberal measures.  In 1946, Stone suffered a cerebral hemorrhage and died on April 22.

Commemorative cover marking Stone’s 115th birthday
Item #81871 – Commemorative cover marking Stone’s 115th birthday
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2 responses to "Birth of Harlan F. Stone"

2 thoughts on “Birth of Harlan F. Stone”

  1. Can you imagine that? He was a conservative who often sided with the liberals. Conservative or liberal, he apparently knew right from wrong.

    Reply

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