Ratification Day 

U.S. #2052 was issued for the 200th anniversary of the Treaty of Paris.

On January 14, 1784, the Confederation Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the American Revolutionary War.

In 1782, it became apparent to the British that the Colonies would soon win their independence. Negotiations began in Paris that April. John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay represented the United States and Davis Hartley, a member of the parliament, spoke on behalf of King George III.

Negotiations lasted through the summer and both nations signed a preliminary agreement on November 30, 1782. In spite of these peace talks, fighting continued in America. In the meantime, the governments of both nations reviewed the terms of the agreement. Then in February 1783, King George III issued the Proclamation of Cessation of Hostilities to end the fighting.   Likewise, the Confederation Congress issued a proclamation “Declaring the cessation of arms” against Great Britain that April. Days later, they approved the preliminary peace agreement.

 

U.S. #2052 – Silk Cachet First Day Cover.

 

Nearly 10 months after their previous meeting, the representatives from both nations met once again at the Hotel d’York in Paris. On September 3, 1783, they both signed the peace agreement. Both sides agreed to “forget all past misunderstandings and differences” and “secure to both perpetual peace and harmony.”

Item #115457 – Commemorative cover honoring the day news of the Treaty of Paris reached America.

Great Britain acknowledged the United States as an independent nation, boundaries were determined, and prisoners of war were to be released. The borders of the new nation were larger than before the war, and the US would become one of England’s major trading partners.

Item #57129B – France First Day Cover honoring the Treaty of Paris.

After the Treaty of Paris was signed, it needed to go back to both nations for official ratification by their governments. The ratified documents needed to be returned to England within six months. Congress was supposed to meet on the issue that November, but the severe weather made it difficult for some representatives to make the trip to the Maryland State House. By January 12, 1784, there were only representatives from seven of the thirteen states, and they needed approval by at least nine in order to ratify the document.

Item #59089B – Medal honoring the 200th anniversary of the Treaty of Paris.

The representatives that were present debated over the issue extensively. They considered allowing the seven states to vote and send the document to England with a note that they could get the additional votes for ratification if they wanted. However, by January 14, two more representatives arrived, one leaving his sickbed in Philadelphia to cast his vote. On January 14, 1784, Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris and quickly sent it on its two-month voyage to Europe.   The British ratified the treaty on April 9 and the ratified versions were exchanged in Paris on May 12.

Click here to read Congress’ proclamation of the ratification.

Click here to see what else happened on This Day in History.

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2017: A Year in Review – on Stamps!

Take a look back the major events of 2017 through stamps.  And be sure to check back tomorrow for more events and stamps.

On April 4, 2017, the Syrian town of Shaykhun was hit by an air strike after which hundreds of civilians suffered chemical poisoning. The attack killed at least 74 people and injured more than 557. In response to the attack, President Trump authorized a missile strike on the Shayrat Airbase, which was controlled by the Syrian government. On the morning of April 7, the US launched 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles from the Mediterranean Sea on the airbase. Reports vary on just how much damage was inflicted, with some claiming hits on 44 targets, others saying about 20% of the operational aircraft were destroyed, and others that 15 planes were destroyed or damaged.

 

Despite heavy rains and widespread flooding earlier in the year, California suffered its most destructive wildfire season on record in 2017. In October, 250 wildfires broke out across 245,000 acres. Strong Santa Ana winds then brought a new round of fires in December. By year’s end, 9,054 fires burned more than 1.3 million acres of land in California. Forty-six people were killed and more than 200 were injured in the fires.

 

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1 responses to "Ratification Day "

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  1. The role of John Adams in these negotiations was key to the Treaty of Paris which was very favorable to the new American nation.. His diplomacy during the War for Independence as he helped to secure loans from the Netherlands and France, and after the war as America’s first minister to Great Britain is little known or appreciated in modern times.

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