JFK Signs Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 

JFK Signs Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 

United Nations #UN133 – UN Stamp honoring the treaty.

On October 7, 1963, President John F. Kennedy signed the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty with the Soviet Union and United Kingdom.

The dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan ended World War II but began the nuclear age. The U.S., Great Britain, and the Soviet Union continued to develop and test more powerful weapons.

Item #M11282 – Gambia sheet honoring signing of the treaty.

In 1959, radioactive elements were found in milk and wheat in parts of the United States. Soon experts became aware of the health risks of radioactive fallout and began calling for testing regulations. The United Nations Disarmament Commission brought together representatives from the three countries involved in testing, plus France and Canada, to negotiate an end to testing.

U.S. #5175 was issued for JFKs 100th birthday.

The U.S. and USSR agreed to stop tests during the talks. In spite of their promise, the Soviets resumed their testing in 1961, including exploding the largest nuclear bomb in history. America began testing again the following April.

During the October 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S. and Soviet Union came very close to nuclear war. President Kennedy and Premier Khrushchev decided to reopen negotiations. As President Kennedy said, “It is insane that two men, sitting on opposite ends of the world, should be able to decide to bring an end to civilization.” Kennedy and Soviet Premier Khrushchev then discussed a nuclear test ban in a series of private letters.

Official negotiations began on July 15, 1963, and an agreement was reached 10 days later. Both nations agreed to the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which forbid testing in the atmosphere, in space, and underwater. Though it came short of banning nuclear weapons, it was a first step. Those signing the treaty agreed to work to end the nuclear weapons race with a final goal of complete disarmament.

Item #59836A – Commemorative coin cover honoring the treaty.

The next day, President Kennedy delivered a 26-minute televised address on the agreement, which you can view here. On August 5, 1963, representatives from the United Kingdom, Soviet Union, and the US signed the final agreement.

Next the agreement went to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. It was eventually approved by the Senate on September 24 and the Soviet Union the next day. President Kennedy then signed the treaty on October 7 before it went into effect three days later on October 10, 1963. Click here to see a photo of President Kennedy signing the agreement.

Item #8A133 – UN Cover honoring the treaty.

Thirty-three years later, the UN adopted the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Prohibiting all nuclear tests, it was signed by 71 nations but never ratified by the U.S.

Click here to read the full text of the treaty.

Click here to see what else happened on This Day in History.

Did you like this article? Click here to rate:
[Total: 27 Average: 4.7]

Share this article

5 responses to "JFK Signs Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty "

5 thoughts on “JFK Signs Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty ”

  1. I wonder what the North Korean nuclear tests are causing. Certainly no regard for their people or for human life in general. If they continue, they will accomplish what almost happened during the U.S. and Russian testing… The contamination of our food and poisoning of the worlds population.

    Reply
  2. Can you imagine the current president of the United States negotiating such a treaty or the current Senate ratifying it? Maybe you can, but I can’t.

    Reply
  3. Thank You Mr Conrad Gaunt for your comment. As I was reading the article, and then watching and listening to the speech by President Kennedy, I was thinking of North Korea and Iran. Iran’s apparent goal with its nuclear program, is to build a bomb that would be used against Israel. Israel had nuclear power in use as far back as the early 1960. I understand that they (Israel) nuclear program was developed through the assistance of South Africa. Most interesting!

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Love history?

Discover events in American history – plus the stamps that make them come alive.

Subscribe to get This Day in History stories straight to your inbox every day!