Kearny Expedition

Kearny Expedition

US #944 pictures the raising of the American flag above the governor’s palace in Santa Fe, New Mexico, in August 1846.

On August 18, 1846, Stephen W. Kearny captured Santa Fe without firing a shot as part of the Kearny Expedition.

Stephen Watts Kearny was born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1794.  He served with the 13th Infantry Regiment during the War of 1812 and would spend much of the next 30 years serving on the frontier.

US #970 was issued for the 100th anniversary of Fort Kearny.

During this time, he ordered his men to escort travelers from the Oregon Trail across the plains to avoid Native American attacks. He established a post along the route, which was named in his honor.  The post was then moved to the Platte River in central Nebraska and also called Fort Kearny.

US #970 – Plate Block First Day Cover.

When the Mexican-American War broke out in 1846, Kearny was promoted to brigadier general.  He was also ordered to lead an expedition from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to capture New Mexico and California for the United States.  Kearny had a force of about 2,500 men that were marching toward an unknown number of defending Mexicans.

The governor of Santa Fe didn’t want to fight but was convinced by his priests that they should defend the town.  They set up positions, but then on August 14, before Kearny and his troops arrived, the governor changed his mind and ordered his men to retreat to Chihuahua.

US #1031A – Built in 1610, the Palace of the Governors is the oldest public building in the U.S.

Kearny and his men reached the town on August 15 but didn’t encounter any Mexican forces.  They claimed the New Mexico Territory for the United States without firing a single shot.  On August 18, 1846, Kearny declared himself the military governor of the New Mexico Territory and he used the Palace of the Governors as his administrative center.  After taking control of Santa Fe, Kearny established a civil government and promised a democratic administration of the area. These actions secured popular support for the US government and its troops.

Kearny then appointed a civil governor and set out for California on September 25 with 300 men.  Along the way, he met Kit Carson, who told him California was under American control, so Kearny sent back 200 of his men.  But as he continued toward his destination, Kearny encountered another American soldier who said there was a revolt in Los Angeles.

US #1031A – Classic First Day Cover.

On December 6, Kearny and his force of 100 men encountered a force of about 150 Californio Lancers.  The American troops’ powder was wet and so their guns wouldn’t fire. About 18 of his men were killed and the remainder were forced to retreat.  Kit Carson managed to sneak away to San Diego and returned with reinforcements.  After driving the Californios back, Kearny’s troops and those from California then retook Los Angeles in January 1847.

US #944 – Classic First Day Cover.

Kearny then served as military governor of California from February to May 1847.  He received a hero’s welcome in Washington, DC, and was then appointed the governor of Veracruz and later Mexico City.  He died the following year, on October 31, 1848.

Click here to see what else happened on This Day in History.

Did you like this article? Click here to rate:
[Total: 0 Average: 0]

Share this article

5 responses to "Kearny Expedition"

5 thoughts on “Kearny Expedition”

  1. Really great to read a day in history every morning. Along with the information Mystic provides in their albums, all the history brings back good memories for high school. Sad that today’s kids have very little knowledge of the history of the US. Very nice job Mystic.

    Reply
    • Today’s kids? Most Americans have little knowledge of the history of the U.S. It’s taught in school, but for most people, that’s about as far as it goes.

      Reply

Leave a Comment

Love history?

Discover events in American history – plus the stamps that make them come alive.

Subscribe to get This Day in History stories straight to your inbox every day!