1990 40¢ Great Americans: Claire Chennault
US #2187 was issued on Chennault’s 97th birthday.

Claire Lee Chennault was born on September 6, 1890, in Commerce, Texas.

Chennault spent his early years in Louisiana, attended Louisiana State University, and joined the ROTC. He worked as a school principal until the outbreak of World War I, at which point he joined the Army Signal Corps. Chennault went on to fly with the Army Air Service during that war.

After World War I, Chennault was made chief of Pursuant Section at the Air Corps Tactical School. He also led the 1st Pursuit Group Army Air Corps aerobatic team, the Three Musketeers, which he later reorganized as the Three Men on the Flying Trapeze.

1990 40¢ Claire Chennault Colorano Silk Cachet First Day Cover
US #2187 FDC – Colorano Silk Cachet First Day Cover

By the mid-1930s, Chennault’s health was suffering and he fought with superiors after he was passed over for a promotion. So he retired from the military on April 30, 1937. He was then invited to join a small group of American civilians in China training their airmen.

1984 Claire L Chennault Commemorative Cover
Item #20108 – Commemorative Cover marking Chennault’s 91st birthday

Shortly after Chennault’s arrival in China, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out and he was made chief air advisor to Chiang Kai-shek. In this role, he trained Chinese Air Force pilots and flew on occasional scouting missions. Then in 1940, he traveled back to the US to request more planes and pilots. From this meeting came the creation of the American Volunteer Group, also known as the Flying Tigers. The US promised 100 planes as well as mechanics, pilots, and aviation supplies.

1991 29¢ World War II: Burma Road
US #2559a – The Flying Tigers were active in the China-Burma-India theater during WWII.

Chennault planned and campaigned for a bombing raid by his tigers, which he believed could end the war. The raid never happened because airfields weren’t built close enough to Japan to launch the planes. Then on December 20, 1941, Chennault’s Tigers shot down four Japanese planes bound for Kunming.

1990 General Chennault Tab PFCD Set of 3
Item #7501641 – set of three Chennault First Day Proof Cards

The Tigers continued to guard the Burma Road, Rangoon, and other important locations in Southeast Asia and Western China. Eventually, Chennault rejoined the Army and the Tigers were formally incorporated into the US Army Air Forces.

After the war, Chennault returned to China and created Civil Air Transport (later Air America) to aid Nationalist China in its struggle against Communist China. He was eventually promoted to lieutenant general in the Air Force nine days before his death on July 27, 1958.

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One Comment

  1. I had a client who flew in the Flying Tigers. He piloted C–47 cargo planes. Prior to flying in the Tigers he was a chief navigator for Howard Hughs. After the war Hughs put him in charge of developing the pacific routes for TWA. He went on to run TWAs European operations.
    He was a cranky old man by the time I came to know him however his stories were epic.

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